How To Chalk Paint: Furniture Makeovers Made Simple

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Chalk painting furniture is easy and fun, but I must warn you that it is very addictive! In this post, I will walk you through some basic information about how to chalk paint and tips for success with chalk mineral paint furniture makeover projects.

What Is Chalk Paint?

Dixie Belle Chalk Paint Tea Rose Pink
Dixie Belle Chalk Mineral Paint in Tea Rose

Chalk paint, also called mineral paint, is a type of non-latex paint popular for DIY home decor paint projects. The term chalk paint was developed by Annie Sloan, who created her brand of chalk paint just for DIY furniture painting projects. Other brands are similar but cannot use the name “chalk paint” in their brand name. Milk paint is a bit different, but is another type of DIY decor paint. Some other popular brands besides Annie Sloan are Dixie Belle (my favorite), Wise Oil, and Fusion. You can also find chalk paint lines made by Rust-oleum and Magnolia Home by Joanna Gaines, as well Americana Decor found at the big box craft stores.

Find more Chalk Mineral Paint Basics: Tips For Success in this link!

Next we’ll talk about some of the cool aspects of chalk paint and using it for DIY projects and updating your home, but to chalk paint you may want to have a few supplies. I created a handy dandy Chalk Paint Supplies Checklist that I hope you’ll find helpful!

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Supplies In This Post

Easy Steps To Chalk Paint Your Furniture

Finding furniture to update with chalk style paint is usually not hard! I can look around my house and see several things that I plan to paint. Goodwill and consignment stores are full of cheap furniture yearning to be upcycled with paint. With all the farmhouse style craze these days it sure seems that brown furniture is less popular and neutral as well as more colorful pieces are everywhere!

Easy Chalk Paint Step 1: Check For Loose Veneer, Dents and Defects

Check your furniture over for any issues such as dings, dents, deep scratches, or chipped veneer. Remove all hardware that you don’t want to paint. If there are chips, dents, or scratches or if you want to fill any screw holes, I recommend a wood filler. A few I have used include Elmer’s Stainable Wood Filler,

Plastic Wood, and my most recent favorite is Dixie Belle Mud.

Easy Chalk Paint Step 2: To Sand or Not To Sand? That Is The Question

Is sanding absolutely necessary? No, it isn’t. However, sanding does help prepare the surface for painting. It provides a smoother surface, smoothing out any bumps, and gives the paint something to stick to. The paint application is usually better, at least a bit smoother, when the piece is prepped with sanding. Although if you are going for a rustic, chippy look, it is not necessary at all to sand.

A Few Sanding Tips

I will usually give my furniture a quick sanding by hand with a fine grit sanding block . If there are spots that need a more intense sanding I use a coarser grit. Usually 120 or 220 is fine for just a quick sanding by hand. This smooths out the surface a bit and helps your paint glide on. I may be one of those weird folks who likes to sand. It’s a good way to get in a little work out! And, I need all the help I can get in that department!

If I’m planning to use a stain on the furniture, such as on a table top, I’ll sand really well, to remove the finish. For this I would pull out my powered random orbital sander and use a coarse grit, like 80 grit to start. Then finish with a fine grit, either by hand or with the orbital sander.

Easy Chalk Paint Step 3: Clean Your Furniture Before Painting

The next step is to clean your furniture. Good options include a 50/50 mix of denatured alcohol and water or a mixture of Dawn Dish Soap and warm water.

Another option is White Lightening by Dixie Belle Paint Company. This comes in granular form and you mix it with water. This is what I use most, although I still use the denatured alcohol and water mixture on some things. After you clean your item, rinse it well with plain water. Check out Dixie Belle White Lightening and other Dixie Belle products on Amazon or on

Easy Chalk Paint Step 4: Check Your Furniture For Stains or Odors

If you have very dark old wood, such as Mahogany, and you plan to paint it white, you will need to apply a primer. The primer’s purpose is to prevent bleed through of the tannins in the wood. Here is a blog post from one of my favorite furniture painters on how to check for the likelihood of bleed through. My advice is, if in doubt, apply the primer. Most primers are also good at blocking odor.

A Little More About Chalk Paint Primer

There are two primers that I have used most successfully. Zinsser BIN Shellac-Based Primer and Dixie Belle BOSS, which comes in white, clear and gray. BOSS is my favorite because it is excellent at blocking both stains and yucky odors. For odors you may also want to consider applying a furniture salve which has a nice scent to the inside areas of the furniture, like the inside of the drawers. Dixie Belle’s Big Mama’s Butta is a great salve with such wonderful scents. Another option is Wise Owl Furniture Salve.

Primer for Chalk Paint

Chalk Paint Prep for Slick Surfaces or Laminate Furniture

If your furniture is slick or if you are painting glass, metal, laminate, or any other slick surface, Dixie Belle Slick Stick is the perfect primer. It adheres to the slick surface and provides a backdrop for the paint. It is a type of primer, just one that is specifically created for slick surfaces.

Glass Vase will be prepared for paint using Dixie Belle Slick Stick
Dixie Belle Slick Stick works great on glass
Slick Stick on Glass Vases to help paint adhere
Applying Slick Stick to glass before applying chalk paint
How To Chalk Paint: Adding Slick Stick
Slick Stick to prepare a metal platter for chalk painting
Using Dixie Belle Slick Stick: How to Chalk Paint Furniture
The top of this oak table was very shiny and slick even after attempting sanding. I used Dixie Belle Slick Stick

Now For the Fun Part – How to Apply Chalk Paint

Okay, so your furniture is clean and ready for paint. This is where is gets fun! After you have chosen your paint color, you want to give it a good stir. You can paint directly from the jar/can or you can pour some paint into a separate container. I often use plastic or paper bowls, a even a glass jar.

Annie Sloan Duck Egg being applied with the Annie Sloan chalk paint brush
Annie Sloan Chalk Paint in Duck Egg

Best Chalk Paint Brushes

Every painter has their favorite brushes. You can get brushes specifically for chalk paint or use brushes that you find at big box hardware stores. A few of my favorites are Dixie Belle paintbrushes, Zibra Paint Brushes, Cling On brushes, and the Purdy XL Cub brush.

There are so many great options when it comes to brushes and other chalk paint supplies and you don’t need to have all the things to get started, however I created a Chalk Paint Supplies Checklist for you!

Get My Chalkpaint Supplies Checklist

Get this Printable Checklist which can get you on your way to chalk painting fun! I’ll also keep you updated with the latest chalk painting techniques, tips and inspiration for all your chalk painting endeavors!

    We respect your privacy. Unsubscribe at any time.

    my favorite brushes for chalk paint

    Number of Chalk Paint Coats and Dry Time

    Typically your project will require more than one coat of paint, although coverage varies with the brand you are using, the color, and the original color of the furniture. Most importantly, apply the first coat in a thin layer and use even brush strokes going with the grain. Just get a nice thin first coat on the project. Honestly, the first coat often doesn’t look impressive and you might even question your choice of using chalk paint. I promise that if you let that coat dry and keep going, you will by happier with it as you move forward.

    Chalk style paint dries fast. It is good to have a mister bottle of water handy to spray your brush a bit from time to time to keep the paintbrush from dragging and creating marks. These mister bottles are super cheap, and you can purchase one at craft stores and on Amazon. You don’t want so much water that your paint drips but a gentle misting goes a long way to prevent brushstroke marks.

    White chalk paint after one coat of paint applied to a table.

    After that first coat dries, apply your second coat. Most of my projects have needed two coats. The paint goes on fast and dries quick so projects can be completed even in a day.

    Lastly, Do You Need A Topcoat or Sealer?

    Wax or Poly Topcoats: Which to Choose?

    Most chalk mineral paint brands say that a topcoat is optional. The choice is usually a wax or polyurethane sealer for your project. A sealer will protect your hard work and decrease the risk of your furniture’s surface getting damaged, chipped, or scratched.


    Annie Sloan makes a wax that is oil-based and Dixie Belle waxes are water-based. Waxes are typically not as durable as the polyurethane topcoats, but they do provide a nice buttery soft finish and will typically enrich your paint color just very slightly. Waxes do need to buffed on with a no-lint cloth or a wax brush. Check out a video on how to wax with Annie Sloan Clear Wax here:

    Annie Sloan Soft Wax in Clear and Wax Brush

    Polycrylics and Polyurethanes

    Water-based topcoats are typically polyurethane or polycrylic. I have used General Finishes HighPerformance Topcoat which comes in flat, satin or gloss. These topcoats get good reviews and are very durable. The other topcoats, with which I have the most experience, and are my go-to products are Dixie Belle Clear Coat, which comes in flat, satin, or gloss and Dixie Belle Gator Hide. I usually use the satin version of the Clear Coat. For a matte, flat finish my preferred product is Wise Own Matte Finish. These are easy to apply with a paintbrush or sponge. They dry quick also. Gator Hide is waterproof and more durable than the Clear Coats. You can find Dixie Belle Clear Coat and Gator Hide on Amazon.

    Chalk Paint Topcoats and sponge; picture shows Clear Coats and Gator Hide all by Dixie Belle and the blue application sponge

    How To Decide Between Wax and Brush-On Poly Topcoat

    The best way to determine if using wax or a poly topcoat is best is to consider what the furniture’s purpose is. If it is mostly decorative, and will get little use, wax will do fine. If it will get heavy use, such as an end table or kitchen table top, I would recommend the Dixie Belle Clear Coat or even better, the Gator Hide, especially if you are concerned about possible water damage.

    For helpful tips on choosing a topcoat see: Choosing The Best Chalk Paint TopCoat: Wax Versus Poly

    Dixie Belle Silk Paint is one of the easiest Chalk Mineral Paints to use! Primer, Paint and Topcoat all-in-one product!

    If you are looking for an easy product to use look no further than Dixie Belle Silk Paint. It is an all-in-one product that includes primer, paint, and topcoat all-in-one. For most furniture pieces, two coats is all you need and then you are done!

    And Finally, Admire Your Work – A Beautiful Chalk Painted Makeover!

    I hope this article encourages you to try chalk mineral paint for your next furniture project. We discussed how to use chalk paint for your projects, starting with prepping your piece and going through the steps of applying the paint, and lastly a topcoat if needed. Chalk painting your furniture is easy, fun, and quite addictive!

    I’d love to answer any questions you have about chalk painting and if you would share your projects in the comments below, that would be so fun!

    Check out my previous post where I discuss tips for success with your first chalk paint project: chalk paint tips

    In this post I go through a farm house table makeover using Chalk Mineral Paint and Gel Stain. If you’d like to check it out, you can find that post here.

    A few makeovers using chalk mineral paint:

    And, did you know that you can even makeover chairs with chalk paint. I have two posts on how to use chalk paint on chairs. In one post, I review my experience chalk painted upholstery and then applying a transfer to the upholstery! It was a fun project! Something different and really cool!

    A second chair makeover shows how to reupholster a chair seat.

    Maybe you’ll find one of these chair makeovers helpful! And, if you are looking for a great paint for updating an old chair, I recommend Dixie Belle Silk Paint. The Silk Paint is the best product I have found. It’s an all-in-one paint that includes a primer, paint color and a top coat. Two coats and you are done. Check out more info about Dixie Belle Silk Paint in my blog post.

    Get My Chalk Paint Supplies Checklist

    I created a printable Chalk Paint Supplies Checklist and you can get it below, along with access to other free and helpful chalk painting and DIY home decor tips, tricks and updates. All this is available in my free resource library by completing the form below.

    Get My Chalkpaint Supplies Checklist

    Get this Printable Checklist which can get you on your way to chalk painting fun! I’ll also keep you updated with the latest chalk painting techniques, tips and inspiration for all your chalk painting endeavors!

      We respect your privacy. Unsubscribe at any time.


        1. Hi. Thank you. I’m so glad you found it helpful! They recommend that transfers be applied after the paint, but before the topcoat or sealer (like wax or clear coat) Also you want to apply the transfer to dry paint. I usually let the paint dry a few hours first. The directions on the transfer recommend a longer wait time though. After the transfer is on you can apply your top coat, wax, or other sealer if you are using one. Hope this helps!

      1. Great post! Recap: 1.) prep & clean 2.) paint
        3.) seal with wax or top coat
        Did I miss any steps?
        Question: I used Big Mama’s Butter in the insides of a old dresser that looked like bare pine wood. Since BMB is oil based what could I use over it to decorate the inside of the drawer bottom? I like the smell…just not the wood bottoms. If you have some suggestions I would be tickled to hear those as I’m not finding anything on DB site/YouTube.

        1. Hi, Thank you for checking out my blog post! And I hope you found it helpful! Yes, it sounds like you got all those steps right! Have you tried The new Dixie Belle Silk Paint? It is built in primer, paint and topcoat in one product. Two coats and you are done. I really like it and they just released a bunch of new colors. I think the oil in the BMB would interact badly with transfers and they wouldn’t stick. You could though try to wipe off some, or clean the bottoms of the drawer with Dawn Dish Soap and water and do a decoupage with wrapping paper, or other decoupage or drawer liner sheets. Or you could wipe off the BMB and try to do a stencil design, but I think for the bottoms of drawers a drawer liner paper or decoupage is probably the easiest. I hope this helps and good luck with your project! Abbey

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